The Unique Dialects of North east India

Northeast India has various ethnic groups who have their own individual dialects. Unlike other states, northeast states were not divided based on languages but on administrative convenience.

The 75% of North East Indian languages belong to the four ancient language families, viz Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, Austro-Asiatic and Dravidian. According to the 1971 census, approximately 220 languages officially exist in the north-east Indian states, which basically belong to certain language families specifically of Indo-Aryan, Sino-Tibetan and Austric.

The Assamese language is popularly used mostly in the Brahmaputra Valley. It has branched out from the Indo-Aryan language family and is now adopted as a common language for various communities. The Khasi, Jaintia and War languages of Meghalaya belong to the Austro-Asiatic family. Some of the people in the Buri Dihing Valley of Assam speak Sino-Tibetan languages like Ahom, Khamti, Tai Phake etc.  a combination of the Tibeto-Burman and Chinese languages is represented by Bodo, Karbi, Rabha, Mising, Deori etc.(Assam); Garo, Biate (Meghalaya) Ao, Angami, Sema, Lotha, Konyak etc.(Nagaland); Mizo, Hmar, Chakma (Mizoram); Hrusso,, Apatani, Misimi etc. (Arunachal). The official language of Manipur is Meitei, spoken widely in the Imphal Valley. These languages pre-dominate separate hill areas of the state.

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